Spread by Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes. Zika virus is related to dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. The infection, known as Zika fever, often causes no or only mild symptoms, similar to a mild form of dengue fever. As of April 2016 sexual transmission of Zika has been documented in six countries – Argentina, Chile, France, Italy, New Zealand and the United States – during the 2015 outbreak.

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Areas of Spread: Both Africa and Asia have large areas that could be susceptible to the virus. Along the countries of pacific ocean.

Treatment:

  1. By Resting.

Impact:

  1. Birth defects so severe that the babies’ brains shrink and their skulls collapse inside the womb. The infection is suspected of leading to thousands of babies being born with underdeveloped brains.
  2. Zika infections in adults can result in Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Zika Virus & India:

  1. Large parts of India have the ideal environment for a Zika virus outbreak that first erupted in Brazil in 2015. Alarmed over the spread of Zika virus in its neighbouring country Bangladesh, India has decided to start random testing for the virus from the end of April 2016.
  2. Both India and Bangladesh are prone to dengue and chikungunya disease outbreaks, which are transmitted by the Aedes Aegeypti mosquito especially during hot weather.
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