Causes for the rise of Buddhism and Jainism in 6th Century BC

What are the causes for the rise of Buddhism and Jainism in 6th Century BC? Numerous religious sects arose in the middle Gangatic plains in the second half of the 6th century B.C. Of these sects Jainism and Buddhism were the most important, and they emerged as the most potent religious reform movements. Causes of Origin Varna …

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Spread of Jainism

How did Jainism spread in India? In order to spread the teachings of Jainism, Mahavira organized an order of his followers which admitted both men and women. It is said that his followers counted 14,000 which is not a large number. Since Jainism did not very clearly mark itself out from the Brahmanical religion, it …

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Contributions of Jainism

What are the contributions made by Jainism? Jainism made the first serious attempt to mitigate the evils of the Vama order and the ritualistic Vedic religion. The early Jainas discarded Sanskrit language mainly patronized by the Brahmanas. They adopted Prakrit language of the common people to preach their doctrines. Their religious literature was written in …

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Sangama Kingdoms- Cholos, Pandyas & Cheras

The Neolithic CHALCOLITHIC amalgam which seems to have been round about 200 B. C. is continued up to about the middle of the first millennium B. C. It was then overlapped by the Megalithic culture inhabited by the Megalithic burials. The Cholos, Pandyas, Cheras and Satyaputras mentioned in Ashok’s inscription were probably in the Megalithic …

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The Sangam Literature

The Sangam literature refers to the 3 dynasties of Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas who fought with each other and competed with each other for political sovereignty and tried to establish their connection with Mahabharata. They also fought regularly with Sri Lanka. The available sangam literature which was produced by three assemblies was compiled in Circa …

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Economic & Social Life in Sangam Age

Economy in Sangam Age The common people were mostly agriculturists or cowherds, hunters and Fisheries Industry flourished in the age. The textile industry, house builders, jewellery makers, chariot makers, provided the necessaries, comforts and luxuries of life. Most of the trade was carried on by barter. Paddy constituted the most commonly accepted medium of exchange. There …

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