Economy in Sangam Age
- The common people were mostly agriculturists or cowherds, hunters and Fisheries Industry flourished in the age.
- The textile industry, house builders, jewellery makers, chariot makers, provided the necessaries, comforts and luxuries of life.
- Most of the trade was carried on by barter. Paddy constituted the most commonly accepted medium of exchange.
- There were established Angadi (markets) in the big towns. The market place was known as Avanam.
- The chief product i.e. Paddy was largely supplemented by milks and other varieties of cam.
- The main source of economic prosperity was flourishing trade External trade was well organized.
- The port of Kar Kai was famous for export of pearls.
- Puhar was a big sea port in Chola state and Port Bandar was in Chera state.
- The first century A. D. Greek work Periphus gives a vivid picture of foreign trade during Sangam Age.
Social Life of Sangam Age
- The people were organized for the most part in occupational groups living a part from one another but in fairly close proximity within each village or town and their life was regulated by a pervasive sense of social solidarity.
- A distinguished feature of the Sangam social life was that it was not priest dominated although Brahmanas had been an integral part of Vedic society.
- The status of women was not high. The widows had to cut off their hair, discard all ornaments and eat only the plainest food.
- Sati was fairly common but by no means universal. There was much faith in own and astrology.
- For the disposal of the dead both cremation with or without urns are freely mentioned.
- The caste division and the tribal arrangement co-existed appearance of the Brahmanas as a regular Varna.
- The merchant community was mostly in evidence in the towns. Tolkappiar called them the Vaisyas.
- The ruling class was called Arasar.
- The Dance of Viralis (professional dancing girls) took place at right.
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