Economy in Sangam Age

  1. The common people were mostly agriculturists or cowherds, hunters and Fisheries Industry flourished in the age.
  2. The textile industry, house builders, jewellery makers, chariot makers, provided the necessaries, comforts and luxuries of life.
  3. Most of the trade was carried on by barter. Paddy constituted the most commonly accepted medium of exchange.
  4. There were established Angadi (markets) in the big towns. The market place was known as Avanam.
  5. The chief product i.e. Paddy was largely supplemented by milks and other varieties of cam.
  6. The main source of economic prosperity was flourishing trade External trade was well organized.
  7. The port of Kar Kai was famous for export of pearls.
  8. Puhar was a big sea port in Chola state and Port Bandar was in Chera state.
  9. The first century A. D. Greek work Periphus gives a vivid picture of foreign trade during Sangam Age.

Social Life of Sangam Age

  1. The people were organized for the most part in occupational groups living a part from one another but in fairly close proximity within each village or town and their life was regulated by a pervasive sense of social solidarity.
  2. A distinguished feature of the Sangam social life was that it was not priest dominated although Brahmanas had been an integral part of Vedic society.
  3. The status of women was not high. The widows had to cut off their hair, discard all ornaments and eat only the plainest food.
  4. Sati was fairly common but by no means universal. There was much faith in own and astrology.
  5. For the disposal of the dead both cremation with or without urns are freely mentioned.
  6. The caste division and the tribal arrangement co-existed appearance of the Brahmanas as a regular Varna.
  7. The merchant community was mostly in evidence in the towns. Tolkappiar called them the Vaisyas.
  8. The ruling class was called Arasar.
  9. The Dance of Viralis (professional dancing girls) took place at right.
Also Read:   Spread of Jainism
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